Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

An investigation is underway to determine more about this outbreak. This is a rapidly evolving situation, and information will be updated as it becomes available.

The latest 2019 coronavirus is named for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is a name for a virus related disease. SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain of coronavirus previously unrecognized in humans.

How COVID-19 Spreads

Contact a health care provider if you develop fever1 and signs of respiratory disease, such as cough or breathing problems, and have been in close contact2 with a person known to have COVID-19 or if you reside in or have recently traveled to a region of continuing spreading. Discuss your recent trip or interaction with your healthcare professional. Your health care provider will meet with you.

Person-to-person spread

The virus is known to primarily spread from person to person.

And people in close contact with each other (within 6 feet).
Breathing droplets formed when an infected person coughs or is sneezing.

How quickly a virus spreads can vary from person to person. Many viruses are highly contagious (quickly distributed), like measles, while others don’t spread as easily. Another aspect is whether the spread is continued, constantly spreading without halting.

Virus quickly spreads

Virus quickly spreads Person-to-person

Watch for symptoms

The documented diseases ranged from mild symptoms to serious disease and death in cases of confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

A individual may get COVID-19 by touching a surface or an item that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or probably eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads

1 Fever

2 Cough

3 Shortness of breath

A individual may be able to get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it, and then touching their own mouth, nose, or probably eyes, but this is not thought to be the primary way the virus spreads.

People are considered to be most infectious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest).

Some spread may be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this happening with this new coronavirus, but this is not believed to be the primary way the virus spreads.

Prevention and Treatment

The 2019 coronavirus disease prevention vaccine (COVID-19) actually does not exist. The best way to prevent illness is to avoid exposure to that virus. As a reminder, however, CDC also recommends routine preventive measures to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases, including:

1 Remove intimate contact with sick people.
2 Do not cross your eyes, your nose and your mouth.
3 Stay home, if you’re sick.

4 Cover with a tissue over your cough or sneeze, then chuck the tissue in the garbage.
5 The regularly handled items and surfaces are washed and disinfected using a regular household spray or scrub.

6 use a face mask for protection

7 Wash your hands often at least 20 seconds with soap and water, particularly after going to the toilet; before meals; and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing.

What if you’re suffering from Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

If you are COVID-19 sick or think you are infected with the COVID-19 virus, take the steps below to help prevent the disease from spreading to others in your home and community.

Stay home except to receive medical attention

People who are slightly ill with COVID-19 will isolate themselves during the course of their illness at home.

Except for getting medical attention, you should limit activities outside of your house. Do not go to work, to school or to public spaces. Evite the use of public transport, ride-sharing or taxis.

Call ahead before visiting your doctor

When you have a medical appointment, contact the health care provider to inform them that you have COVID-19, or may have it.

It will help the office of the health care provider take action to prevent any people from being contaminated or exposed.

Wear a facemask

If you are around other people (e.g. sharing a room or vehicle), or pets, you should wear a facemask when you reach the office of a health care provider.

If you can’t wear a facemask (for example, because it creates breathing difficulties), either people who live with you shouldn’t stay with you in the same room, or they should wear a facemask if they enter your house.

Clean your hands often

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, particularly after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, going to the bathroom, and before eating or preparing food.

Using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer of at least 60 percent alcohol if soap and water are not readily available, covering all surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry.

When hands are visibly dirty, soap and water are the best option. Stop using unwashed hands to brush your eyes, nose and mouth.

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